Environmentally-conscious citizens of India aren’t alone in their concern about the rollout of the Tata Nano, the "world’s cheapest car." But in an op-ed piece for Forbes, Projjal Dutta, the director of sustainability initiatives for the New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authority, writes that American critics should look to their own example if they expect developing nations to follow a more sustainable path.
with many other issues, the world will expect America’s "talk" — say,
urging China and India not to become auto-centric — to be accompanied
by "walk," at home. That, unfortunately, despite early glimmers of
hope, is not happening. The stimulus bill has allocated about 8 billion
dollars to transit, compared with 30 billion to highways. This is
roughly in keeping with the traditional 80/20 split of federal
transportation funds that have been enshrined since the Eisenhower
days. If we are to get serious about halting climate-change, this split
will also have to change.
Japanese and European models — "Make cars, buy cars, just don’t drive
them all the time." — as potential templates for India and other
developing economies, so long as they, too, make adequate investments
in public transportation.
The same could be said of the
U.S., where the average citizen consumes 25 times as much energy as the
average Indian. Dutta suggests America will need to commit to a
long-term, "multi-generational" approach to transit development if it
wants the kind of results already evident in its most urbanized cities.
The average Texan consumes approximately 500 million BTU per year,
about six to seven times that consumed by a resident of New York City
or San Francisco. The difference largely results from level of dependence on
the automobile. Metropolitan regions where many people travel by public
transportation (or by bicycles or on foot) are inherently more
carbon-efficient than places that rely almost exclusively on
automobiles, which is to say, most of the United States.