To Limit Distracted Driving, Congress Leans Toward a Carrot-Stick Combo
Partisanship is a fact of life in Washington, often slowing down progress on issues from health care to climate change.
But when it comes to preventing the use of electronic devices behind
the wheel, a congressional consensus is emerging in favor of federal
action -- even as the extent of GOP support for a punitive approach
remains decidedly unclear.
Charles Schumer (D-NY), who has signed on to both the "carrot" and
"stick" strategies, told the Commerce panel that he believes a hybrid
of the two bills would be most effective: "It's my hope and belief that
in the end, we'll have a bill that combines the best of both worlds."
Transportation Secretary Ray
LaHood appeared to concur, testifying that "I like both" the
incentive-based and punitive plans. The latter approach has yet to
attract GOP co-sponsors, however, and the committee's top Republican
said she could only support a distracted driving bill that would not
withhold state funding.
"I don't think we ought to get into states' rights," Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX), who is campaigning for her state's governorship next year, said. "[T]he states have addressed this in very different ways, but many of them are addressing it."
Vernon Betkey, chairman of the Governors' Highway Safety Association (GHSA), which represents state highway officials, echoed Hutchison's stance in a Thursday appearance before the House transportation committee.
"The association has never approved of sanctions," Betkey said. "We're always more from an incentive side, than the sanction side. And ... we work for the states that would be sanctioned, so it would be very hard for us to take a position against our own states."
Hutchison is one of three Republican co-sponsors of Rockefeller's distracted driving bill, giving the trio potentially significant leverage as a compromise plan is drafted. The competing Senate proposal, based on the 1984 law that aimed to set the minimum U.S. drinking age at 21, would give states two years to restrict drivers from texting and using hand-held cell phones.
state failed to pass the appropriate law, 25 percent of federal highway
money would be withheld until action was taken. Schumer pointed out
last week that no state lost highway funding when Congress took the
same approach in 1984.
Throughout the Commerce panel's hearing, Rockefeller sought to keep his colleagues focused on the urgency of the threat posed by distracted drivers. At one point, referring to the number of drivers estimated to be using electronic devices at any given moment, he said: "I don't really give a hoot about state's rights or federal rights on this one. I give a hoot about results, and I keep thinking of those 812,000 people right now ... we're not doing anything about it."
senators asked whether their legislation should also promote greater
use of technology to mitigate distracted driving. LaHood responded that
the growing popularity of hands-free wireless syncing programs for cars should not be considered a boon for road safety.
"From my point of view, I think any distraction is a distraction that takes away from driving safely," LaHood said. "You can put your phone in this little container that they have in the middle [of the dashboard] and it does sync. It syncs all your numbers, and you can [control it using] voice. I think that's a distraction, but that is the latest technology, and all the car manufacturers have it."