New York City’s Broadway Pedestrian Zone to Become Permanent
Hopefully you don’t seethe too much about how many parsecs ahead of us New York City is in reclaiming space for people from cars, but we thought we’d share this momentous news from Streetsblog NY. Looks like Mayor Bloomberg has made a complete one-eighty from his position on traffic just a few years ago. The news actually gives us hope that Mayor Newsom, or his successor, will feel the Livable Streets spirit deep in his soul, too.
New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, DOT Commissioner Janette Sadik-Khan, and leaders from the Midtown business community announced this morning that the new public spaces along Broadway
will become permanent features of the city’s landscape now that an
eight-month trial period has ended. The city will seek to build on the
trial project’s success by creating, in the mayor’s words, "an
enduring, world-class" street in the heart of Manhattan.
After weighing a dramatic decline in traffic injuries and data from
millions of taxi trips showing an average seven percent increase in
west Midtown traffic speeds, Bloomberg characterized the results of the
trial as very encouraging. Safety improvements alone, he noted, were
"reason enough to make this permanent."
In a rather extraordinary Q&A session that followed the
announcement, Bloomberg fended off several questions from reporters who
expressed skepticism that overall traffic speeds had improved. The
mayor did not shy from the chance to frame pedestrian, bicycle and
transit improvements in a way that New Yorkers rarely hear from their
“Are the roads for multiple uses — everybody, pedestrians, bicyclists,
and motorists,” he asked, “or are they just for motorists?” When it
comes to streets that safely serve all users and create vibrant public
spaces, he suggested, New York has fallen behind its competitor cities
around the globe.
Data from the trial period [PDF]
suggests that the changes in Midtown are helping NYC to catch up.
Pedestrian injuries along the project corridor declined 35 percent
compared to average injury levels from 2006 through 2008. The safety
improvements were most dramatic at the major pedestrian plazas in Times
Square and Herald Square, where injuries dropped by 40 percent and 53
percent, even as more people walked to those destinations.
With more space to walk and socialize and fewer pedestrian conflicts
with streams of traffic, public opinion of the area has swung upwards
by a large margin. Surveys conducted by the Times Square Alliance
revealed that 74 percent of people who work in the area today are
satisfied with the experience of Times Square, compared to 43 percent
in 2007. Three-to-one majorities of respondents — both New Yorkers and
suburbanites — said they wanted the changes to be made permanent.
The transformation was aptly summed up by Dan Biederman, director of
the 34th Street Partnership. "This is a 21st century idea," he said.
"The 20th century idea was three lanes of noisy, annoying traffic."
Sadik-Khan, who called the observed improvements "an example of the
results we want to deliver on the streets of New York citywide," said
DOT would "move immediately to transform the plazas into iconic spaces
worthy of their iconic setting." The permanent design of the plazas
will incorporate new pavements, new seating, and event spaces.
As for those traffic speeds, the principal source of doubt had to do
with methodology. DOT compiled one dataset by hiring drivers to travel
straight on a selection of streets, using their own judgment to mimic
the average speed of traffic. The hired drivers performed 5,723 time
runs using this method.
A separate dataset came from millions of taxi trips tracked with GPS
units, recording trip lengths and times to determine average speeds.
The GPS data depicted faster travel times in every direction except
southbound traffic, while the hired drivers produced more ambiguous
results. Bloomberg expressed much greater confidence in the GPS data,
which, he said, provided a huge sample size and reflected the
real-world, zig-zagging complexity of traffic.
At one point, the prevalence of reporters’ questions about traffic
prompted Times Square Alliance president Tim Tompkins to step up to the
microphone. "I just want to say that the overwhelming majority of
people who come to Times Square are not driving,” he said.
The new Broadway has succeeded because it functions much better for
that supermajority of walkers and transit-riders. And don’t think other
neighborhoods haven’t noticed. “There are other parts of the city where
we are getting lots of calls from merchants who want the same kind of
thing,” Bloomberg said. The widespread embrace of the historic
re-purposing of Broadway, he later added, “gives you confidence in
Janette’s innovation. It’s also building acceptance among the public,
when they see that something new has worked.”
Video: Robin Urban Smith