The Soft Innovations of London’s “Cycle Superhighways”
10:53 AM PDT on July 21, 2010
mirrors help drivers of large vehicles see cyclists at intersections.
Physical infrastructure is only one component in London's "cycle
superhighways" initiative. Photo: I Bike London
Earlier this week, London launched its first two "cycle superhighways" to decidedly mixed reviews. First announced
by then-mayor Ken Livingstone in 2008, the cycle superhighways haven't
quite lived up to the expectations for safe and fast bike travel implied
by their name, as you can see in this BBC News video.
The superhighways are quite vulnerable to intrusion from motorists and they look like pretty standard bike lanes -- albeit
with improvements at intersections, enhanced way-finding and some nifty
new safety features like "trixi" mirrors at traffic signals, which improve
cyclist visibility for the operators of bigger vehicles like trucks. They're also a very
bright blue, which at the very least will raise awareness about cycling.
The current mayor of London, Boris Johnson, has a lot riding on
the cycle superhighways. He's declared 2010 the "Year of the
Bicycle," and the new bikeways will be paired this summer with an
ambitious bike-share system -- 6,000 bicycles at 400 stations. Together,
these two projects are expected to result
in an extra 62,000 bike trips per day in London, making a big
contribution toward the mayor's target of a 400 percent increase in
by 2026. But the question remains whether the superhighways will justify
the hype and the investment. The first two superhighways cost about $35
million to implement.
If you only look at the bright blue bike lanes, though, you're only
getting half the picture. The real innovation behind the cycle
superhighways may not lie in the improved physical infrastructure but in
the supporting "softer measures" to promote their use. Transport for
London (TfL), the mayor's transportation agency, has been working
closely with businesses, schools and households along the route of the
superhighways to encourage people to cycle.
With businesses, TfL has shared expertise to help develop workplace
travel plans which encourage staff to use more sustainable forms of
transport, including cycling. A lack of workplace amenities for cyclists
has been identified as a major barrier to people commuting by bike, so
grants have been given to provide additional workplace bike parking and
changing facilities such as showers and lockers. Businesses have also
been encouraged to join "Dr. Bike" programs, where companies hire
mechanics to help their employees maintain and repair their bikes.
For many potential cyclists, safety is the biggest barrier, so TfL
has provided additional funding for cycling education and training for
households near the superhighway routes. To encourage novice cyclists
who might not be used to riding on busy roads, group rides led by
experienced cyclists have been organized along the superhighways.
This approach builds on Transport for London's existing "smarter
travel program," which has been very successful in promoting more
sustainable transportation through extensive use of personalized travel
planning. In a three-year pilot in the London Borough of Sutton, these
kinds of initiatives have supported a six percent mode shift away from
cars, increasing cycling by 75 percent and bus use by 16 percent [PDF].
It will be interesting to see how much of an impact these softer
measures have and what other cities can learn from them. Transport for
London is closely monitoring the impact of the cycle superhighways on
bicycling rates and will report back when the initial findings are
Jacob Dunbar is a London-based transportation planner living in New York.