Supervisor Breed Calls for Removing Some of SF’s Parking Mandates

Supervisor London Breed has proposed a “Parking Flexibility Ordinance” that would make it easier for building owners and developers not to build car parking when it would impinge on the street environment for walking, bicycling, and transit. It would also count parking spaces against density limits, unless they’re built underground.

Supervisor London Breed. Photo: Supervisor Breed’s Office

The ordinance [PDF] was approved by the Planning Commission last week and is expected to be approved by the Board of Supervisors in the coming weeks.

SF’s 1950s-era parking mandates increase the cost of building housing and limit the space available for apartments, storefronts, and other uses. Minimum parking requirements encourage car ownership, make buildings more susceptible to earthquake damage, cut up SF’s sidewalks with driveways (which also reduce street parking and encourage sidewalk parking), and diminish the pedestrian realm with blank garage doors.

The proposal would amend the planning code so that “builders, businesses, and homeowners can have more say in where and if they put parking on their property,” Conor Johnston, an aide for Breed, told the Planning Commission Thursday.

Breed’s proposal would waive parking mandates in certain situations, including when parking spaces require drivers to cross a curbside bike lane, transit-only lane, or a sidewalk that’s at least 25 feet wide. The additional flexibility will allow existing parking spots to be converted to other uses and let developers forego building new ones.

Breed’s proposal would make it easier for some homeowners to convert their garages into other uses. Photo: Michael Rhodes/Streetsblog

The legislation adds to the Planning Department’s efforts in recent years to relax the city’s “very strict minimum parking requirements,” said Johnston. “They do not limit anyone’s ability to construct parking if they choose, they simply give people more options.”

As parking minimums are relaxed, space opens up for other pursuits. Last year, three cafes and restaurants were built out of former personal parking garages in the Castro, thanks to a 2011 ordinance pushed by Breed’s predecessor, Supervisor Ross Mirkarimi.

Livable City Executive Director Tom Radulovich, who helped craft both Mirkarimi and Breed’s ordinances, said Breed’s new bill “has a lot of smart policy changes in it” that would “create opportunities to improve safety and transit reliability by reducing conflicts with driveways,” and “help green the city, and restore neighborhood character.”

Johnston said the proposal would also encourage homeowners to turn paved driveways into green yards which are required by the planning code. Even though it’s illegal to park on any part of a sidewalk — including the “setback” space between a sidewalk and building —  many homeowners, particularly in SF’s outer neighborhoods, have paved over their front yards to park on them with impunity.

The ordinance would also count above-ground parking spaces against density limits by including parking in a building’s “gross floor area” (GFA). Currently, said Johnston, “There are limits on how much commercial space or housing you can have, but not on parking.” The only existing exception is in high-density “C-3” commercial zones. The ordinance, he said, “will encourage new developments to put their parking underground, and use the floor for active uses like retail and housing.”

Under the status quo, Johnston said building owners are “almost forced” to use the ground floor for parking. “Do we really want to prioritize parking over jobs and housing?”


Supervisors Pass Breed’s Bill to Loosen Some Parking Mandates

The Board of Supervisors yesterday unanimously passed an ordinance removing some of SF’s 1950s-era parking mandates. The “Parking Flexibility Ordinance,” drafted by Supervisors President London Breed and Livable City, will make it easier for building owners and developers to avoid building car parking when it would impinge on the street environment for walking, bicycling, and transit. It would also […]

Supervisor Avalos Introduces Landmark Bicycle Access Legislation

Groundbreaking legislation introduced by Supervisor and mayoral candidate John Avalos yesterday would allow the thousands of people who pedal to work in San Francisco to bring their bikes into the office.  The “Bicycle Access and Safety Ordinance” [pdf] would require the owners and managers of all commercial buildings to allow bikes in the building if […]

Supervisor London Breed Won’t Fight for Full Transit Bulbs on Irving Street

D5 Supervisor London Breed, whose district includes the Inner Sunset, says that the downsized proposals for transit bulbs on Irving Street and Ninth Avenue are “headed in the right direction,” according to Conor Johnston, a legislative aide. “We are balancing a lot of competing interests,” Johnston told Streetsblog, citing vocal opposition from neighbors and merchants to parking removal. […]