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Bicycle Infrastructure

Street Safety Projects Threatened as States Give Transpo $ Back to Feds

It’s payback time again for state DOTs. The fine print on the jobs
bill Congress just passed includes a $2.2 billion rescission from state
transportation funding, and projects to make biking and walking safer
are especially at risk of losing out.

snyder_bike.jpgState
DOTs have to return funding to the feds, and programs to improve biking
and walking are especially at risk of getting scaled back. Photo: Tanya
Snyder

This isn’t coming out of the blue. It’s part of a game Congress played five years back,
when they approved more transportation funding than the White House
would allow. They left the bigger number in the bill, only to
periodically ask the states for some of it back in the form of
rescissions. Now is one of those times.

But here's what’s getting bicycle and transit advocates worried: This time, the money could come disproportionately from bike and pedestrian improvements.

“This is different from the other rescissions in a few ways,” said
Caron Whitaker of America Bikes. “One, the other rescissions were
subject to a proportionality clause to ensure that certain programs
weren’t hit disproportionately, because they had been cut
disproportionately in earlier rescissions. Two, this doesn’t cover same
breadth of programs as the other ones did.”

Off-limits this time around are funds for the Highway Safety Improvement
Program, the Railway-Highway Crossings Program, the Surface
Transportation Program, and Safe Routes to Schools.

That means there are fewer programs left on the chopping block,
increasing the chances that bicycling and transit programs will be
affected -- and there are no rules saying state DOTs have to play fair.

That’s what makes this a particularly scary rescission cycle. It’s not
the biggest bite -- last year states were faced with rescissions four
times this size -- but some advocates see bull’s-eyes painted on
programs that invest in non-automotive modes.

“We’ve seen New York state, for example, rescind a disproportionate
amount out of some programs we really like, like CMAQ (Congestion
Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program) and [transportation]
enhancements,” said Michelle Ernst of the Tri-State Transportation
Campaign.

The rescinded money comes out of states’ “unobligated balances” -- money
that’s been authorized but hasn’t been spent yet. Ernst says it makes
sense to take it out of the National Highway System instead of bicycle
and pedestrian programs. If nothing else, it makes things simpler.

“The other advantage of cutting it from a road program versus a bike
program,” Ernst said, “is that bike programs tend to be much less
expensive. So you may have to cut or postpone ten separate bike projects
in order to meet that rescission, whereas maybe you have to postpone
just one road project.”

The feds are encouraging state DOTs to listen to stakeholders when
making these hard decisions. Local bicycle advocacy groups, like WABA in
Washington, DC, are trying to make sure their voices are heard.

“There is direction from Federal Highway to the states encouraging
outreach to stakeholders, but not requiring,” says WABA Director Shane
Farthing. “People should contact state level DOT folks and their
governor or mayor.”

Time is of the essence. States have only until August 25 to decide what stays and what goes.

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