Emeryville Approves 40th Street Protected Bike Lanes

Two-way cycle track, bus-only lanes, and a major victory for the advocates at Bike East Bay

File photo of Former Emeryville Councilmember Ruth Atkin riding on a two-way cycle track on Christie Avenue in 2016. Last week Emeryville approved a plan to build two-way cycle tracks like this on 40th. Photo: Melanie Curry/Streetsblog
File photo of Former Emeryville Councilmember Ruth Atkin riding on a two-way cycle track on Christie Avenue in 2016. Last week Emeryville approved a plan to build two-way cycle tracks like this on 40th. Photo: Melanie Curry/Streetsblog

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Protected bike lanes and bus-only lanes were unanimously approved last week by the Emeryville City Council for the approximately one-mile stretch of 40th Street from the Oakland City line at Adeline Street to the entrance to IKEA. The project will have “Red bus-only lanes and pedestrian safety improvements. If I stopped right there, I’d say it’s already the best complete-streets project in the East Bay,” said Bike East Bay’s Dave Campbell in a phone interview with Streetsblog. But it doesn’t stop there: it’s also going to have a two-way protected cycle track and, going by the published documents, protected intersections at major streets.

Total construction costs come to between $18 and $20 million and the project is expected to take until 2023. However, Emeryville Councilmember John Bauters, who was a key advocate behind the approval, told Streetsblog that some of this is squishy and will depend on whether they can get bicycle-height crossing buttons, or sensors that will start the signal phasing if a bike approaches. Raising the cycle track to sidewalk-level is also a possibility as the details are ironed out.

And he’d like to have curb extensions/bulb outs that go two-car lengths, to keep sight-lines maximized to give cyclists ample opportunity to react to the “scourge of bad drivers” who pull out without looking. He added that he wants the lanes to be safe for families. Basically, he said, “I’d like to put in all the bells and whistles.”

Cross section from the City of Emeryville and their consultant, Fehr&Peers
Cross section from the City of Emeryville and Community Design + Architecture

Of course, any improvements will be welcome by cyclists. Currently, 40th Street is intimidating. The street cuts across multiple strip malls with big-box stores, which are large traffic generators. The bike “infrastructure,” if one can even call it that, is stripes along the gutter and/or parking lane and curb, as seen below:

Current conditions on 40th Street, Emeryville. Image: Google Street View
Current conditions on 40th Street, Emeryville. Image: Google Street View

So what about the two-way cycle tracks, as opposed to having one-way cycle tracks on both sides of the street?

Two-way protected bike lanes generally aren’t the preferred design, at least according to Dutch traffic engineers. There are exceptions: two-way protected bike lanes are fine along, for example, Lake Merritt, since there aren’t any intersections and it makes for a pleasant cycling experience. In the case of 40th, however, Bauters said in the course of discussions with the Bicycle / Pedestrian Advisory Committee and Emeryville staff, they decided it made the most sense to have a two-way on the north side of the street. The argument: all the turning lanes and the traffic in and out of the shopping center on the south side just made for too many conflicts. Meanwhile, Bike East Bay has an entire page dedicated to some of these issues between two-way and one-way protected bike lanes.

Bauters is hoping Oakland will build similar treatments going east at least as far as MacArthur BART and that eventually Emeryville will continue building west, he hopes, to eventually continue along Shellmound Street to connect with the Bay Trail and the Bay Street shopping center.

overhead40th
From the City of Emeryville and Community Design + Architecture

As seen in the above diagram, there will also be bus-only lanes to help keep AC Transit and the Emery Go-Round buses on schedule. He said they looked at a “full BRT” style treatment, with bus lanes in the center and boarding islands, but ultimately decided it was too complicated and there was too much potential push back from Oakland to the east. Plus “…it would have increased the cost for us and put pressures on service providers over which we just don’t have control,” lamented Bauters.

For a full look at the design, check out the city documents online.

  • Greg Rozmarynowycz

    As a North Oakland resident, this project is a real game changer. 40th Street/Shellmound is a really important bike corridor, providing access from BART & Oakland to all of Emeryille, the Bay Trail, and even West Berkeley (on account of the total lack of infrastructure on the Powell/San Pablo/Stanford corridors). Very exciting to see this move forward.

  • Sean

    I only wish that Oakland extended this lane to MacArthur BART. The 2-way cycle track lanes will just end at Adeline. There, it will probably make sense to just take 41st to BART. That street is pretty beat up though, and crossing West and Market requires a very kind motorist to stop for you, which rarely happens.

  • Ziggy Tomcich

    While I’m excited to see this, I’m also really bothered by all the new construction being built around Macarthur Bart without any bicycle infrastructure whatsoever. If this 24 million dollar bike lane doesn’t go to a Bart station, it shouldn’t be built! We should be designing bicycle routes, because the effectiveness of a bike lane can only be as good as where it takes people to. Building a 1 mile awesome dutch style bike lane that doesn’t have meaningful connections to any transit hub will likely be very underutilized. It’s like making a bus rapid transit line that only goes 1 mile and stops another mile from a train station. They should have a 40th st bicycle master plan in place agreed upon with Oakland before construction starts.

  • crazyvag

    Too bad it doesn’t connect to anything like BART or Capitol Corridor.

  • George Joseph Lane

    Well it connects to every business and side street the whole way along the route.

  • This is really interesting because we are dealing with major traffic and construction upheaval in my hometown. It’s resulting in some https://www.stephenbabcock.com/ massive lawsuits, along with serious https://jnsotolaw.com/ car accidents and bike accidents. We have an amazing 19-mile bike path through our county/city, but it’s being hampered by construction and does not have nearly enough access to public transit or businesses (except in certain areas).

  • Jame

    While I definitely want the route extended, at least to BART, honestly the Emeryville section of 40th always feels the most harrowing for me. I think that oddly Macarthur Blvd is more pleasant on your bike from Market to Broadway. Macarthur has so much excess capacity, I think that motorists give you more space.

    I recently figured out 42nd and 43rd are much more pleasant below San Pablo into E-ville.

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