CA’s Plan to Align Transportation Funding with Climate Goals
8:35 AM PDT on April 15, 2021
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The recent joint meeting of the California Transportation Commission, the Air Resources Board, and the Department of Housing and Community Development addressed two main subjects: how the heck California will scale up electric vehicle infrastructure and use, and how the heck California will align its transportation funding with its climate, sustainability, and equity goals.
It has a plan for that: the California State Climate Action Plan for Transportation Infrastructure (CAPTI). This is a framework to guide state transportation investments to help meet urgent climate, health, and equity goals. CAPTI includes recommendations to prioritize allowing travelers to opt out of congestion - instead of prioritizing increasing throughput - to improve zero emission charging infrastructure, including for freight, to improve and connect transit systems, to increase long-term, sustainable funding for the Active Transportation Program, and others.
These concepts remain controversial to some people, who are reacting as if their way of life were under attack. During recent public agency discussions, some of the commissioners and representatives of business and labor groups bristled at the notion that transportation funding might be better spent on improving transit and active transportation than on road widening.
At a recent joint agency meeting, for example, Commissioner Bob Alvarado asked only one question of California State Transportation Agency Deputy Secretary Darwin Moosavi, who presented the plan for discussion. "Are you planning to take money from other S.B. 1 [gas tax] programs to fund the Active Transportation Programs?" he asked. This concern may have been the impetus behind his recent suggestion, echoed with enthusiasm by many who called in to support it, that the state use some of its surplus budget to give the ATP a one-time boost of $2 billion. Commissioner Alvarado made it clear that what he did not want was to move transportation funding currently assigned to highways to the ATP.
Moosavi responded that CalSTA was open to options for creating more long-term, sustainable program for the ATP, "the most oversubscribed transportation funding program."
"So the plan on raiding other programs still applies?" Alvarado asked.
"It's among the potential options that we are willing to explore, yes," said Moosavi, pointing out that there's also good chance of getting increased federal funding, and that CalSTA was actively seeking more ideas.
But, as is abundantly clear by now, it is not enough to just increase funding for sustainable transportation modes. It is just as important to reduce the amount of money California spends on encouraging car travel.
One key strategy is actively finding ways to reducing the amount people drive. From comments at both meetings, it appears that some people assume this means taking away people's vehicles or somehow constraining their ability to drive where they need to. Several callers charged that any effort to reduce vehicle miles traveled (VMT) would be unfair to low-income people who have to commute farther to reach jobs. It would also harm the economy, they said. Commissioner Fran Inman even urged "cultural sensitivity" towards "business communities," who, according to several callers, are being completely left out of this discussion.
But the discussion about reducing VMT is about a finding ways to give more people the option NOT to drive. California continues to invest in making it easier and faster to drive - not a sustainable plan anyway because even with increased gas tax revenue there isn't enough money to maintain the roads already in existence - instead of focusing resources on improving other options.
CARB Boardmember Professor Dan Sperling acknowledged that the goal of reducing VMT "is challenging politically. But it is a strategy for improving health, for reducing costs to the state and to [travelers], for improving community, for more efficient use of land."
"We have created a system of almost total car dependence," he said, saying that while less than two percent of California residents use transit, public transportation remains vitally important for those who need it. "We are doing a very poor job in California of serving our population - I would go so far as to say it is irresponsible, even verging on criminal, what a large percentage of our population we are marginalizing" with car-centric policies and funding," he said.
"That is the equity conversation we are having here," he said. "A large percentage of our population has poor access to jobs, and to services. Our goal should be reducing VMT, but also increasing accessibility for many of the segments of our population. These are not incompatible, in fact they are consistent" with each other," he said.
CAPTI is arriving at "an important point in the history of transportation." For a long time transportation has focused on the car - on improving vehicles and making roads faster. But new technology, from micromobility to microtransit to safe active transportation modes. What is needed, said Professor Sperling, is a way to integrate everything, and especially to make sure that transit works in concert with all these other modes and methods.
"We have created the most resource-intensive and expensive transportation system imaginable, and we need to figure out how to provide a transportation system that's less expensive," he said.
San Diego Supervisor Nathan Fletcher, also a CARB board member, described the complications faced by San Diego in its work to create and meet climate goals, saying the region is hampered by a "legacy system" that works against efforts to lower VMT and build more housing. "If we can start driving transportation funding in a way that enhances VMT reduction, it would be easier to build infill housing in the appropriate places," he said.
What CAPTI aims for, he said, can help locals meet those goals - if done right. "If not done right, it will only add to the frustration," he said. The question to focus on is how CAPTI can help create a funding process that "helps us do what we're trying to do at a local level."
The devil may be in the details, and right now CAPTI only creates a framework upon which details can be hung. At this stage, leaders are still struggling with the question of what the state's priorities should be. Some argue that continuing to build more and wider roads to accommodate cars is the only way to keep the economy moving.
This is old thinking - the result of a half century plus of building a culture focused on enabling more and faster car travel. For years now, the shortcomings of that perspective have been growing clearer. Caltrans, which manages the state highway system, has been engaged in its own strategic planning process to shift its focus from highways and cars to all road users, and is still figuring out how that will work; the Air Resources Board has been explaining why these changes are necessary and urgent.
What remains is for the California Transportation Commission to catch up with the rest of the agencies, to embrace CAPTI's goals, and to help figure out how to reach them. The timing is important, too: as Moosavi pointed out, the CAPTI framework aligns with the new federal administration's priorities, which could put California in a better position to get federal funding to help it further this work.
There will be more discussion about the CAPTI before it is formally adopted this summer. CalSTA will hold workshops on it on April 20 and 23, and the deadline for public comments has been pushed back to the end of May.
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