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Bicycle Infrastructure

San Mateo County Bike/Ped Safety Projects Starved for Funding

In Burlingame, a stretch of El Camino Real lacks sidewalks south of the Mills-Peninsula Hospital. The latest funding request for the project was denied, leaving residents to walk on the shoulders to access transit and other services. Photo: Andrew Boone
Burlingame must look elsewhere for funds to fill a gap in a sidewalk along El Camino Real south of the Mills-Peninsula Hospital. Photo: Andrew Boone

Despite growing demand for better walking and biking infrastructure in San Mateo County, active transportation grants from the City/County Association of Governments of San Mateo County (C/CAG) cover only a fraction of the projects that cities want to build, leaving many residents without the sidewalks, bike lanes, and other basic ingredients they need to safely navigate their streets.

"The high demand for [these] project funds is a significant shift in transportation priorities we’ve seen in recent years," said Silicon Valley Bicycle Coalition Executive Director Corinne Winter. "People are looking to live and work in communities where biking and walking are convenient ways to get around. It’s more important than ever that our funding sources align with the undeniable need for improved bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure."

Cities recently submitted funding requests for 19 walking and biking safety projects from the county's Transportation Development Act funds, a pot of state money distributed by C/CAG every two years. But C/CAG's latest grant provided only $1.6 million, enough for eight projects. It would take $3.8 million to fund all 19 projects that cities in San Mateo County want to build.

C/CAG staff advised cities spurned for this funding to apply for the upcoming County Transportation Authority Measure A Pedestrian and Bicycle Program, another paltry funding source overwhelmed by demand. That program, which allocates 3 percent of a half-cent county transportation sales tax to bike and pedestrian projects, awarded funds to just 16 of the 41 projects that applied for the latest grant in 2011. That year, project requests totaling $11.2 million competed for $4.5 million. On Thursday, the TA Board of Directors is scheduled to review applications for this year's funding round -- 23 projects totaling $9.3 million competing for $5.4 million. The funding awards are expected to be announced on April 3.

Of the eight projects that were funded through the Transportation Development Act money, six will construct badly-needed sidewalks, crosswalks, and bike lanes in Daly City, Pacifica, South San Francisco, San Mateo, Menlo Park, and East Palo Alto.The other two projects are bicycle and pedestrian plans for San Bruno and Belmont, neither of which has ever written such a plan. This is the first year bike/ped plans were eligible for TDA funds.

Daly City was awarded $375,000 in TDA funds to install bike lanes and sidewalk curb extensions on its section of Geneva Avenue. Photo: Google Maps
Daly City was awarded $375,000 from C/CAG to install bike lanes and sidewalk curb extensions on its section of Geneva Avenue, which stretches 0.75 miles from Bayshore Blvd to the San Francisco border near the Cow Palace. Image: Google Maps

Daly City will use its funds to construct sidewalk curb extensions at some intersections and conventional bike lanes adjacent to car parking on the three-quarter-mile section of Geneva Avenue that lies within its city limits, from Cow Palace to Bayshore Boulevard, complementing the (mostly) continuous sharrows and bike lanes on San Francisco's much longer section of Geneva to the west.

John Daly Boulevard is also poised to get bike lanes and pedestrian safety measures in a project not funded with TDA money, but with $1 million from the federal One Bay Area grant program, according to the SF Examiner. Daly City has also applied for funds from Measure A and Proposition 84 urban-greening grant funds, but they haven't been secured yet.

South San Francisco has plans to install sharrows on Oyster Point Boulevard east of Highway 101, including the street's enormous ten-lane intersection with Gateway Boulevard. Between Gateway and Marina Boulevards, existing bike lanes will get green paint and new markings to bring them up to state bike lane design standards. They will be widened to meet the three-foot minimum width of non-gutter pavement (the bike lanes have storm drains in them), and at locations where they're placed along the right side of a right-turn lane at Gull Drive, they'll be moved to the left. Missing signs and pavement markings will also be installed.

Menlo Park plans add bike racks downtown, make Safe Routes to School safety improvements at Encinal School near Middlefield Road, and beef up its bikeway network with short sections of green bike lanes at nine key intersections with high bicycle and motor traffic.

"We're privileged in Menlo Park to have a great bikeway network already in place," said Menlo Park Senior Engineer Nikki Nagaya, "but we still have safety issues where right-turning car traffic crosses bicycle traffic at busy intersections."

Menlo Park city staff hope that highlighting bike lanes and merging zones with green paint at some intersections will discourage drivers from blocking them and clarify where to expect bicycle traffic. The new bike racks should also help alleviate the bike parking crunch in downtown Menlo Park, especially along Santa Cruz Avenue on weekends, when more shoppers visit the downtown retail district.

Three pedestrian safety projects were also awarded TDA funds: San Mateo will be able to re-time downtown traffic signals to provide leading pedestrian intervals, Pacifica will install warning lights at crosswalks in front of five public schools, and East Palo Alto will construct sidewalks on several blocks of the Woodland neighborhood west of Highway 101.

The dense Woodland neighborhood is crammed with parked cars and many points of conflict between drivers and pedestrians, but few streets have sidewalks, a legacy of the area's unincorporated status before East Palo Alto was formed in 1983. San Mateo County allowed many residential areas to be developed without requiring developers to install sidewalks, including some with multi-family apartment buildings such as Woodland.

Since there are no schools on the west side of 101, sidewalks couldn't be built with Safe Routes to Schools funds, and the city had to rely on TDA funds instead, said East Palo Alto Planning Manager Brent Butler.

Children walking home from school share the road with vehicles on Scofield Avenue in East Palo Alto, where the city plans to install sidewalks where none exist today. Photo: Andrew Boone
Children heading to and from school walk in the street with motor vehicles on Scofield Avenue in East Palo Alto, where the city plans to install sidewalks using TDA funds. Photo: Andrew Boone
Children walking home from school share the road with vehicles on Scofield Avenue in East Palo Alto, where the city plans to install sidewalks where none exist today. Photo: Andrew Boone

Without funding, the other $2.2 million in projects that cities applied for in this round aren't expected to be built anytime soon. Meanwhile, San Mateo County is moving ahead with plans for multiple highway interchange reconstruction projects that will cost between $20 and $35 million each, not to mention a Highway 101 widening from San Bruno to Redwood City that's projected to cost up to $180 million, even though the county could simply make better use of 101's existing lanes.

Redwood City sought $400,000 for safety improvements for children walking at five elementary schools for its Safe Routes to School program, but was awarded just $46,000 by C/CAG, the amount left over after funding the eight projects that were ranked higher by the agency's Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee.

Also unfunded are missing sidewalks along El Camino Real in Burlingame, including the section from Ray Drive to the Mills-Peninsula Hospital on Trousdale Drive (about a fifth of a mile) and another missing sidewalk along Tower Road, located near the interchange of Highways 280 and 92. Residents arriving by bus there must currently walk up to a third of a mile in the shoulder-less street to access a variety of county services, including a preschool. Throughout the county, a number of other crosswalks, bike lanes, signage, and warning lights that would make dangerous spots safer for walking and biking are still without funding.

These are basic measures that San Mateo County cities have deemed critical to keep residents safe and healthy, and the slow drip of funding from C/CAG is a chronic problem causes important fixes to be delayed for years. A recent high-profile example is the green buffered bike lanes on Alpine Road at Highway 280, which were installed in late 2013 only after resident Lauren Ward was killed by a truck driver while bicycling home three years prior. Requests to fund the project were not granted by the San Mateo County TA in 2011 or 2012.

It took Belmont 13 years to find funds to construct the Ralston Ped/Bike Bridge over Highway 101, an effort which began in 1998 when Caltrans planned to widen the freeway interchange there. Photo: Andrew Boone

For bigger walking and biking projects, such as the Ralston Avenue Ped/Bike Bridge over Highway 101 in Belmont, the delays are even more severe. The highway interchange was widened in 2005 from four to eight lanes, but it didn't include any bike lanes or paths and only narrow sidewalks, making walking and biking from Belmont to Redwood Shores and Foster City on the east side of 101 even more treacherous. Belmont had to piece together grants from eight different federal, state, county, and city funding sources, delaying the pedestrian bridge's construction until mid-2011.

San Mateo County's 2011 Comprehensive Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan calls for an investment of $191 million in an interconnected system of safe, convenient, and universally accessible bicycle and pedestrian facilities in order to help reduce traffic injuries and fatalities and "enable people to meet their daily needs without access to a car." Over $1.5 billion has been generated by the county's half-cent transportation sales tax, Measure A, since it began in 1989, but less than 1 percent of that has been spent on bicycle and pedestrian projects. 

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