SFPD Revises Deadly Driving Campaign to Target People Walking and Biking
6:07 PM PDT on July 31, 2015
Updated on 8/3 at 5:35 p.m. with more comment from Walk SF.
According to the San Francisco Police Department, bikes and people are now cars, and everyone is responsible for committing the five violations that kill and maim San Franciscans the most often.
The SFPD has proclaimed that its data-driven "Focus on the Five" enforcement campaign against deadly driving now also targets bicycle and pedestrian violations.
The original statement only repeated Sanford's assertion that bicycle violations are part of "the five," but an email response from SFPD spokesperson Grace Gatpandan said the campaign also applies to pedestrians -- and that it always has: "These violations have always been part of the Focus on The Five, whether issued to ped/cyclist/vehicle."
Yes, in the SFPD's re-definition of the most dangerous behaviors on the streets, even people on foot can commit the top five violations that, according to police data, most frequently cause traffic violence: Running red lights, violating the pedestrian right-of-way, speeding, running stop signs, running red lights, and making illegal turns.
"The Vision Zero data shows that drivers were responsible for a larger majority of the violations," Gatpandan wrote in email response to an inquiry, in which we cited statistics from city documents behind Focus on the Five. "But that does not mean the other 2 parties weren't violating the law. Furthermore, cyclists only received 1 percent of all citations issued in San Francisco."
She explained further:
These 5 deadly behaviors are the top primary collision factors, which are assigned to every collision involving injury. Pedestrians, cyclists, and motorists are all subject to citations if the violations are committed. Furthermore, all 5 of these violations can be committed by the same 3 parties. While a traffic collision involving a vehicle may cause more injury due to simple physics, it does not mean that cyclists or pedestrians are incapable of also causing injury.
The SFPD's attempt to revise the narrative is brazen, given that virtually all statements and reports from SFPD and other agencies thus far have specifically discussed "the five" violations as driver behaviors.
For starters, the SFPD presents separate categories for citations issued to bicyclists and pedestrians in its quarterly reports on "Focus on the Five" performance data. Citations for "the five," and other motorist citations, are presented separately.
The point of the campaign is to make the most efficient use of SFPD's limited enforcement resources to reduce traffic injuries. But 19 months in, every station except Richmond has still failed to meet the goal of issuing 50 percent of tickets for the five violations that most often hurt people.
SFPD Traffic Company Commander Ann Mannix, who has expressed reluctance to meet the goal, told a supervisors committee in May that "we won’t change much" this year to reach 50 percent. Mannix has attributed Richmond's "Focus on the Five" success to the district's low non-traffic crime and abundance of stop signs.
At a Richmond Station meeting last week, Mannix encouraged residents to write complaint letters to the SFPD and newspapers about bad bicycling behavior to show support for increased bicycle enforcement, according to one attendee.
Mannix has also defended officers accused of blaming a cycling couple who was harassed by a driver, and wrongly cited the CA vehicle code to say they shouldn't have occupied a traffic lane. Countless stories have been told illustrating anti-bike bias entrenched among many officers at the SFPD.
Calls for bicycle enforcement at stop signs and red lights from Captain Sanford sparked a "civil obedience" demonstration Wednesday of the impractical stop sign law for bikes. Sanford was the first to transpose "the five" crash data to bikes after becoming captain in April at Park Station, which had a "five" citation rate of just 28 percent last quarter.
SF Bicycle Coalition Communications Director Chris Cassidy said "Sanford's failure to appreciate publicly available data released by his own police force is baffling and dangerous for everyone who walks, bikes and drives around Park Station."
"I agree with Captain Sanford that there are too many people biking and driving who rudely ignore the rules of the road," said Cassidy. "Where we disagree is on the facts."
SF drivers hit as many as 900 pedestrians each year, or nearly three a day. Several hundred are severely injured, and in many years, some two dozen are killed.
“The data that established the Focus on the Five was based on data specific to vehicle violations," said Walk SF Executive Director Nicole Ferrara.
When SFPD finds a pedestrian or bicyclist at fault in a crash, the police don't present distinction between what violation they were cited for. "So we don't know what behaviors are leading to death and serious injury" in those crashes, she said. "We need to make sure the police department is using its limited resources on the most dangerous traffic violations.”
Pedestrian injuries involving bicycles are rare: According to the SFMTA's 2011-2012 Collision Report [PDF] (the latest available), in 2011, "There were 31 bicycle-pedestrian collisions, which constitute about 4 percent of injury pedestrian collisions."
In collisions between drivers and bicycle riders, fault "seems to be evenly split among bicycle riders and motorists," the report said.
SFPD data from the second quarter [PDF] of this year shows the share of "five" tickets increased to 32 percent, following a decline of 6 percent last quarter to 24 percent, when police issued more citations to pedestrians and bicyclists (which are, again, categorized separately).
Richmond Station's rate climbed to 63 percent, while Northern and Ingleside Stations also led with increases to 41 and 40 percent, respectively.
The SFPD's quarterly reports are "an important accountability tool to monitor how citations administered reflect behaviors on the road that contribute to injury and death," said Megan Wier, an epidemiologist at the SF Health Department who analyzes the police data on pedestrian injuries behind the "Five" program.
Wier is the co-chair of the city's Vision Zero Task Force, which "will continue to engage with SFPD around data-driven enforcement initiatives and how they can be advanced and supported," she said. "We are only going to reach our Vision Zero goal if we all work together."
SFPD Chief Greg Suhr doesn't seem to take issue with increasing focus on bicycle violations while the department struggles to meet its "Five" mandate. He told ABC 7, "I would suggest that we are not over enforcing on bicyclists, if only 1 percent of the tickets are going to bicyclists."
But the SFPD's top brass isn't just talking about diverting resources to issue more tickets for vulnerable road users for violations that don't hurt people. They're taking it a step further with a disingenuous attempt to put a positive spin on enforcement efforts that are counterproductive at best.
The SFPD's own data-driven policy calls out everyday reckless driving as the largest danger facing people on SF streets. Resisting compliance with that policy seems to indicate just how pervasive the windshield perspective remains throughout the department's ranks.
Perhaps SFPD officials merely see their alteration as a way to fudge numbers, but undermining the entire premise of a targeted campaign to save lives -- and pretending it was never changed -- signals a profound sentiment of denial, and a patronizing response to the public's calls for safer streets.
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